During the 20th century, radio and television became key media for transmitting news. During the 21st century, the Internet has begun to play a similar role.
The news is the first rough draft of history, bringing people information about current events. However, it is not always the good news. It can have negative overtones, and it is sometimes called “hard news.”
What is news? What is the difference between news and rumors? What is the role of the press? How does the press influence public opinion? What is the best way to make your story interesting? These are some questions that journalists face every day. It is the mission of the press to tell the truth. But to achieve this, the press must be independent of outside influence.
According to the Mirror Model, the news must reflect the reality of the situation. However, the news is only valid if the reader reads it. Therefore, it is not a good idea to put something into print if the audience is not ready to read it.
The Political Model proposes that news represents different pressures on the government, including various ideological biases and political pressures. In the same way, it is also important to provide news that is fair and accurate. Similarly, the Organizational Model focuses on applying pressure to governmental processes. It is also known as the Bargaining Model.
There are several scholarly explanations for the news values. For example, Galtung and Ruge (1965) proposed a taxonomy of news values. These include relevance, magnitude, and exclusivity. They were not able to explain all these concepts, however. For example, the term “magnitude” has a much broader meaning than large numbers. It can also mean extreme behaviour.
Nevertheless, news values may be difficult to explain. There are arbitrary factors that can affect the value of a story. For example, a story about a famous athlete may have more news value than one about a movie star. This is because the audience is likely to be interested in the celebrity. Another example is a story about a scandal, which creates interest among the public. The same applies to an article about a natural disaster, which may be considered hard news.
A study of the publication outputs of major newspapers can be useful in testing scholarly explanations of news values. For example, it can reveal the extent to which a story’s impact on the audience was felt. It can also reveal which news values were most prevalent at a particular time. This can help a journalist to determine which stories are relevant to his readers.
In addition, a study of the journalistic selection process can provide insight into the most effective ways to influence the public. This is because a story that is relevant to the audience is more likely to be selected by a news organization. There are also external influences that can affect the news’ impact, such as the beliefs of journalists and public relations professionals.